The trajectory of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations has been inert for the last seventy years. The two neighbors, incidentally Muslims, have not been able to develop a paradigm for a friendly conduct of their bilateral relationship despite the fact that the two countries share a number of potent similarities. This article identifies Afghanistan’s status as multi-ethnic, landlocked and Parentier state, inter alia, contributory factors in shaping the trajectory of Pak-Afghan relations as they have served a determinant in introducing the preponderant role of the third party in Afghanistan’s policy matrix. The two countries need to revisit the traditional trajectory of their interaction and seek a mechanism for developing good relations. Certain provisions of the Geneva Accords 1988 could provide a theoretical framework to this effect. Balancing of internal contradictions approach has been employed to explain theoretically the third party role.
December 27, 2022
Department of Political Science, Government College University Lahore